Engage The Exotic Spanish Women Photos of Latin Women
Up to 9 weeks gestation effectiveness is 98% for the combined regime and between 75% and 90% for misoprostol alone[7–9]. Medical abortion refers to the use of a drug or a combination of https://countrywaybridalboutique.com/latin-women-features/dominican-woman-traits/ drugs to terminate pregnancy.
- As information on MA becomes more widespread and women gain more experience they make better use of misoprostol.
- That women writers, in particular, would be the ones to traverse the more shadowy corners of current Latin American fiction is perhaps no surprise, as a groundswell of frustration against restrictions on women’s rights and rising gender violence gathers force.
- Few of the women who obtain the medication outside clinical settings can specify the name of the medication they used for pregnancy termination and cannot precise if they were antibiotics, analgesics or tranquilizers.
- It is frequently used in police blotters, dispatches, reports, and medical or physiological documents to encompass girls and women.
- She also completed a Diploma in Project Management for Cooperation (FLACSO-OEI) and specializations in Communication, Extension and Science Education.
The social activism of the 20th century fueled the production of theories that form the tradition of Latin American feminist philosophy as well as its place in the academy. However, the study of Latin American feminist philosophy remains scarce and derelict . The existence of Latin American feminist philosophers has been largely denied, and the specificities of their theoretical contributions have been erased under the sexist, Eurocentric orientation of philosophy. Recognition of their existence is a political act that contests the dominant architecture of the history of philosophy. Taking account of Latin American feminist philosophy requires a historical and philosophical reconstruction that understands the fact that women from Latin America and the Caribbean have long been thinkers. Overall women find MA acceptable even though it might not be their first choice if they had the possibility to select between surgical or medical methods. In some cases attempts to terminate pregnancy with misoprostol are not successful and pregnancy continues.
In fact, a2009 studylooking at sexual health factors in teens by race and ethnicity shows that the female rate of teenage intercourse for Latinas and non-Latina whites are identical, with 45% of teen girls from both racial/ethnic groups reporting having had sex. Although feminists regularly cite the gender wage gap as a scourge holding back women in the workplace, in fact for Latinas, the gap is much worse. According to some estimates, Latinas earnjust 55 centsfor every dollar earned by non-Hispanic white men. Furthermore, the share of Latina women earning at or below minimum wage is actually increasing, tripling from 2007 to 2012, and contributing to an overall poverty rate of 27.9% —close to three timesthat of non-Latina white women. Only 27% of Latinas say a senior co-worker advocated for a raise for them, and Latinas are significantly less likely than white women to say their manager shows interest in their career development, Lean In and McKinsey & Co. report. BMethotrexate has also been used in combination with misoprostol as a medical method for early abortion in some countries where mifepristone is not available. However, a WHO toxicology panel recommended against the use of methotrexate for inducing abortion, based on concerns of teratogenicity if the method fails and the pregnancy is not interrupted.
‘An open dialogue about pay can make a huge difference’
Importantly, as more evidence is gathered, governments and the private sector are gaining new insights into how this pandemic is transforming women’s and men’s lives and taking appropriate measures to respond to existing gaps. Despite this difficult panorama, I am confident we can reverse this scenario just as we were doing before the pandemic, when countries in the region were making significant progress in narrowing stubborn gender gaps. The research for this essay was supported by a Summer Stipend from the Research Center for the Humanities and Social Sciences at William Paterson University and the Woodrow Wilson Career Enhancement Fellowship (2017–2018). I would like to thank Andrea J. Pitts, Mariana Ortega, Adriana Novoa, and Jamilett Aguirre for their advice, encouragement, and support in the research process as well as the reviewers whose suggestions greatly helped the framing of the essay. While dubbed the “years of silence”, the work of women writers during this period did find voice through literature and poetry. Their theoretical reflections were subsequently appreciated with the resurgence of feminism in the later decades.
One important change is that men are participating more than before in household and unpaid care work, initially as a result of lockdowns, but subsequently during the pandemic. At the same time that the world was grappling with COVID-19, another “shadow pandemic” brought death and suffering to many parts of Latin America. Both gender-based violence and femicide—killing a woman simply because of her gender—increased dramatically. From Naya Rivera’s role asSantana LopezonGleeto Shakira and Jennifer Lopez’s somewhat infamous music videos toshameless advertisements, it’s not hard to find examples of thesexualization of Latina womenin pop culture. But there’s a more insidious side to this kind of stereotyping — besides being inaccurate, these types of depictions have been used to blame high rates of teen pregnancies in the community on the “spicy Latina.” Though theCenter for American Progressreports that the level of educational attainment for Latinas has risen in the past few years, graduation rates for Latinas, at 31.3% in 2008, are still significantly lower than graduation rates for white women, at 45.8%.
A Woman is a Victim of Femicide in Latin America Every Two Hours.
Women perceive MA as less painful, easier, safer, more practical, less expensive, more natural and less traumatic than other abortion methods. The fact that it is self-induced and that it avoids surgery are also pointed out as advantages.
Only a minority of studies include women who completed the MA process alone, without preabortion counseling and/or postabortion care. Adolescent women are underrepresented in the available studies and the experience of those under age 15 is completely absent. We know nothing about women who had failed medical abortions and continued on with their pregnancy, and very little about those who had a legal abortion within the health care system or those who received misoprostol for postabortion care. In addition, most literature comes from large urban settings, and few studies include rural or indigenous women. More and updated scientific evidence on medical abortion in Latin American is needed in order for researchers, activists, policy makers and health care providers to have a better and more comprehensive understanding of its impact on women’s lives and health. The idea that class is a key dimension of women’s lives is one that is rooted in Latin American feminist activisms of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. As previously noted in Section 1 , women’s fights for equality of this time were framed in terms of equitable access to social goods (e.g., education).
In several Latin American countries medical abortion has enabled the implementation of harm reduction policies. Based on the right to health, autonomy, confidentiality and information, health professionals provide women with unwanted pregnancies pre-abortion counseling including information on how to self-induce a medical abortion, and postabortion care. Medication is not provided since it would be against the law, women have to obtain it by their own means. Medical abortion has radically changed abortion practices worldwide, and particularly in legally restricted contexts. Women can now access a non-invasive, safe and effective method, which is more affordable than surgical methods and does not require third party participation in the procedure. In Latin America women have been using misoprostol for self-induced home abortions for over two decades.
Giving women equal opportunities to develop and thrive in STEM careers helps reduce the gender wage gap, improves women’s economic security, ensures a diverse and talented workforce, and avoids bias in these fields and in the products and services produced. Some of the highest earning STEM occupations, such as computer science and engineering, have the lowest percentages of women workers. To foster sustainable development, drive innovation, social welfare and inclusive growth we need more women in STEM. In Argentina last year there were 251 recorded femicides — the killing of women for being women — according to official figures. In “Witches,” published in August by Catapult, the Mexican author Brenda Lozano used the space between the real and unreal to explore “different levels” of violence against women — from expectations about gender roles to abuse and femicide.
However, it also reflected the genesis of Latin American feminist ideas in women’s political activism. So, although mired in conflict, the Encuentros signaled the intimate ties between ideas regarding gender struggle and the political conditions that give rise to those ideas.